Dentistry is a branch of medicine which focuses on the study, diagnosis, prevention and diseases treatments of the oral cavity. Most of the time the discipline is associated with teeth; however, dentistry does not focus only on teeth but it also considers other aspects including temporomandibular joint and supporting, vascular and nervous structures.
Dental treatments are carried out by dentists or dental auxiliaries such as dental assistants, hygienists or technicians. Most of the dentists work or privately or in hospitals.
Dentistry relates to practices on the oral cavity. According to the World Health Organisation, oral diseases are one of the most common health problems due to their high prevalence across the globe. Most of the dental treatments prevent or treat oral diseases including dental caries and periodontal disease. The most common treatments include the restoration of teeth, their extraction or the scaling and root planing.
Every dentist should have at least an education of three years undergraduate studies. As well as this, dentists need to complete further qualification to carry out more complex treatments.
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