Defence strategy, planning and research are concerned with the overall security and defence of a nation against any possible offensive threats.
The defence strategy is a type of military planning that aims to plan and put into practice combat activities for the purpose of deterring and repelling a strategic offensive. It could be conducted as either a territorial or airspace invasion, as part of a cyberspace attack or a naval attack to interrupt the flow of goods in shipping lanes as part of economic warfare.
Defence strategists encounter a lot of issues, but some of the most common include; problems of security and confidence-building in interstate relationships in the strategic neighbourhood, national defence policy, arms proliferation and control in the immediate strategic region, policy advice from the higher levels of national defence organisations, strategic implications of developments in the nation’s geographic region and reviewing the security agenda and formulating new ones if necessary.
Part of the defence strategy of a nation is researching a given war or conflict in order to gain an understanding of its theoretical and historical background, as well as understanding scenarios decision-makers at the highest level had to face. In order for analysts to fully grasp the concept of strategic defence strategies, they must have in-depth knowledge of relevant geopolitical and socioeconomic issues that past nation states have faced.
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