Critical care surgery is a speciality of surgery concerned with the care of patients with acute, life-threatening or potentially life-threatening surgical conditions.
It not only incorporates the knowledge and skills of non-surgical techniques but it also offers a broad understanding of the relationship between critical illness and surgical procedures.
Even though a lot of the knowledge and skill is common to critical care specialists, those who hold a degree or diploma in surgical critical care have expertise which can relate to both the physiologic responses to tissue injury from burns, operations, trauma, infection, acute inflammation, or ischemia.
Surgical critical care specialists have the ability and expert knowledge that allow them to provide care to critically ill patients from all age groups no matter the issue. Care for these people can take place in a range of settings - accident and emergency departments, pre-hospital situations, operating rooms and intensive care units - wherever is available.
As the care of critically ill patients involves both the skills from a broad range of disciplines and the understanding of surgery, the surgical care specialist must have a broad knowledge concerning the biology of the critically ill patient.
They are expected to be senior enough to provide leadership within their team or organisation and should also have the expertise to teach others and conduct research in their field.
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