Criminology is the study of nature, management, causes, control, and consequences of a criminal behaviour. This attitude can be studied both on an individual and social level.
Criminology is an area of both behavioural and social sciences and is a field of research of sociologists, psychologists, philosophers biologists, social anthropologists, jurists and psychiatrists.
The origins of criminology date to the mid 18th century when the discipline arose among social philosophers. Over the years, the subject has become popular and different schools appeared, including three main ones: the Classical school, the Positive school and the Chicago school.
Criminology is classified into different branches: penalty, sociology of law, victimology, anthropological criminology, forensic psychology and forensic science.
Penology focuses on the philosophy and practice that different societies implement to repress criminal activities and satisfy the public opinion through a suitable treatment regime for individuals accused of criminal offences.
Sociology of law concentrates on the individuals' behaviours in society determined by ethical legal norms.
Victimology is the study of victimisation considering both the victims and offenders. As well as this, it focuses on the interactions between the victims and the criminal justice system and the relations between the casualties and social groups and institutions.
Anthropological criminology studies the connection between the offender’s personality and the nature of the crime.
Forensic psychology is the branch of psychology that relates to the law. The discipline applies psychological practices and principles to the legal system.
Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil law. It is used mainly during criminal investigations.
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