Welcome to the Kortext section for crime and criminology ebooks. Here, you can find a range of digital materials focusing on the study of criminal activity from a scientific perspective, at both an individual and social level.
The use of the word criminology has been rising steadily since the 1920s, as the field has grown and developed. Today, criminology is seen as an interdisciplinary subject that focuses on crime causation, control, and regulation. Those interested in the subject can find relevant ebooks on criminological theory and contemporary criminal justice policy, offending and victimisation, witnessing, forensic science practices, and more.
Since the 1800s, the field of criminology has undergone changes based on the ideas of the influential thinkers in each period. It is possible to divide the field into three schools known as the Classical, Positive, and Chicago approaches to criminology.
From this perspective developed in the late 18th century, crime is seen as an occurrence that can be controlled through deterrence and retribution. The classical criminology school of thought does not look towards rehabilitation and individual differences affecting a person’s situation, so much as the development of equations that balance criminal offences with punishment.
Cesare Lombroso and other such thinkers believed that crime was due to biological factors outside a person’s control. Lombroso theorised, controversially, that people were “born criminal” due to their biology reflecting aspects of a less advanced evolutionary stage. This idea is widely criticised and often dismissed.
The Cambridge school of thought arose in the 20th century. Theorists look towards criminal activities in terms of their origins within cities and neighbourhoods. Five geographic zones were identified in growing cities, the most troublesome of which was thought to nurture juvenile delinquency.
To find out more about various aspects of criminology, browse our selection or search by title or author. With over 500,000 ebooks in our whole collection, we have a large variety to choose from. Enjoy!