Computer security also known as cybersecurity or IT security is the protection of a computer system from theft or damages of software, hardware and data. Cybersecurity includes checking physical access to hardware as well as to electronic data as to avoid malware attacks.
The field of cybersecurity is becoming important due to the growth of computer systems, the Internet, Bluetooth and the web. As well as this, the booming of this subject is related to the development of smart devices, televisions and other devices which are included in the Internet of Things.
Different are the attacks and vulnerabilities this subject is interest in and are usually divided into four major categories: theft of data, vandalism, fraud and invasion of privacy.
Data theft is the act of stealing digital information from a victim with the intent of compromising the privacy and acquire confidential information. Usually, this issue concerns big corporate firms.
Web vandalism involves the process of editing and damaging someone’s data as to ruin the victim’s business or image.
Cyber Fraud consists of stealing financial or credit information for criminal use.
Invasion of privacy is the act to irrupt into the personal lives of other individuals without their consent.
The best way to avoid theft, vandalism and invasion of privacy is to track the access data by giving users ID and password. As well as this, to increase the computer security companies should store data on separate devices, inaccessible through the computer systems or encrypt data so that it can be deciphered only if the user has an encryption key.
Computer security has become essential since the late 1960s when modems have been introduced. In 1980s hacking has become a problem and advanced security techniques have been introduced.
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