Communication studies are one of two interdisciplinary studies and is the academic discipline that deals with the process of communication between one person to another.
Within the communication studies discipline, there are three types of communication; written, verbal and nonverbal.
Written communication includes traditional pen and paper forms, such as letters and documents. Typed electronic documents, emails, texts and anything else conveyed through written language is also a type of written communication. This type of communication is paramount for formal business communications and issuing legal instructions. Forms of communication that predominantly use written communications include brochures, handbooks, contracts, press releases, business proposals et cetera.
Verbal communication uses words in delivering an intended message. Oral communication is the spoken word, either through the telephone or face to face, voice chat or video calling. Formal communications such as lectures and conferences are also considered forms of verbal communication. It is measured in effectiveness, often through clarity of speech, voice modulation, pitch, volume, speed and even nonverbal communications such as body language and visual cues.
Nonverbal communication means to communicate by sending and receiving wordless messages, and they often reinforce verbal communications. Body language, facial expressions, eye contact, body posture and gestures are also all considered forms of nonverbal communication. Conveying emotions through a smile or a frown also come under this sub-discipline.
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