Ceramic art is a form of art which uses ceramic materials to produce artworks. Ceramic art is usually associated with fine art; however, it can be also considered a decorative, industrial or applied art item, as well as an artefact.
Ceramic art is one of the oldest art forms and its origin is usually related to the 24,000BC when tribes were using clay and other materials to create artwork. This type of art has influenced most of the developed cultures. The most well-known cultures for this type of art are the Chinese, Cretan, Greek, Japanese, Korean, Persian and Mayan.
People use pottery to create ceramic artworks. This is a material which includes earthenware, stoneware and porcelain. Earthenware is a glazed or unglazed non-vitreous pottery such as terra cottas and bricks. Stoneware consists of a vitreous or semi-vitreous ceramic which is made from stoneware clay or non-refractory fireclay. Porcelain is a material made of heating materials.
In ceramic arts, all these materials are shaped to originate an object and then painted.
Glass art is a type of art which produce artworks made of glass. Glass has been firstly used in Egypt and Assyria; however, the first forms of art using glasses date to the Middle Ages when different European Norman and Gothic cathedrals were built.
Different are the techniques adopted in glass art. These methodologies include blowing, fusing, flameworking, hot sculpting, cold working and pate-de-verre.
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