Cardiovascular medicine, also known as cardiology, is a branch of medicine which focuses on heart disorders as well as dysfunctions of the circulatory system. Furthermore, the discipline includes medical diagnosis and the treatments of coronary heart disease, congenital heart defects, valvular heart disease, electrophysiology and heart failure.
Physicians specialised in this discipline are known as cardiologists. Instead, those who specialise in cardiac surgery are known as cardiothoracic surgeons or cardiac surgeons.
Even if the cardiovascular system is related to blood, this discipline is not relatively linked to haematology and its connected diseases.
All the physicians who are specialised in cardiovascular medicine focus on the disorders of the heart. However, there is a distinction between cardiologists who focus on adults and those who concentrate on children. Indeed, although adult cardiologists are trained to take care of children as well, pediatric cardiologists are not trained to look after adult heart diseases.
There are different types of heart diseases. The main heart disorders include hypertension, coronary artery disease, cardiac arrest, and congenital heart defects.
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