A biography, also known as bio, is a description of an individual’s life. It usually includes information related to work, education, relationships, experiences and death. A biography outlines the whole life story, highlighting the most important aspects of a person's life and including an analysis of the individual’s personality.
Biographical works belong to the non-fictional genre; however, also fictions can be adopted to outline a person’s life.
Traditionally, biographical works were related to the historical events happened in a person’s life. Nevertheless, over the time, this genre has become distinct from general history writing and started growing as an independent discipline in the 18th century, with its peak at the beginning of the 20th century.
The modern biography has been heavily influenced by psychology and sociology, originating sociological biographies, as well as biographical works focused on people’s psychoanalysis.
With the tech development, multimedia biographies have grown in societies and become more important than traditional literary forms. Indeed numerous documentaries and films have started reproducing famous people's lives.
Finally, biographies can be classified into authorised biographies and autobiographies. Authorised biographies are those written with the permission and cooperation of a person or his/her heirs. Instead, autobiographies are those written by the person himself or herself, sometimes with the support of a collaborator or ghostwriter.
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