The term ‘Art style’ relates to the techniques used to create an artwork, as well as the philosophy behind the works.
The most important art styles are the impressionism, the post-impressionism, the cubism, the fauvism, the expressionism, the dadaism, the surrealism and the pop art.
The impressionism is an art movement which took place in France. Artists of this movement are renowned for their innovative techniques and use of colours. This art style focuses on outdoor paintings which are produced spontaneously rather than from sketches in a studio. Impressionists focused on landscapes and scenes of everyday life
The post-impressionism was not a formal style as it was a movement developed by a few independent authors who decided to rebel against the limitation of Impressionism. These artists originated a range of personal styles focused on emotional, symbolic, structural and spiritual elements which were missing in the Impressionism style.
The Cubism is a revolutionary style of modern art created by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. This style was the first representation of abstract art and included artists who were tired of the traditional western art styles.
The fauvism style originated from the art of the post-impressionism Paul Gauguin who developed the concept of symbolic colour. With this concept, Gauguin outlined that every colour has a symbolic value and translates a range of emotions. Through this concept, the artist inspired younger artists to experiment with the colours in art.
The expressionism is an art style which adopts an emotional and spiritual vision of the world. This style usually relates to the German and Northern Europe culture.
Dadaism was an artistic style which influenced different forms of art, including music, poetry, dance and politics. This style was a protest movement which was against the horrors and folly of the First World War.
Surrealism was an art style which focused on the ‘unconscious mind’. It was not only an artistic movement but also literary and philosophical. It explored how the mind and the irrational work.
Finally, the pop art was a movement which focused on popular culture and underlined the sense of optimism of the period after the Second world word.
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