Acting is a complex art form which includes different techniques such as the method acting technique, the Stanislavski Acting technique, the Brecht acting technique, the Meisner technique, the Chekhov technique and the practical aesthetics technique.
The method active technique focuses on the lifestyle, habits and traits of the character represented by the actor. This method was created by Lee Strasberg, a well known American actor, acting teacher and director.
The Stanislavski acting technique concentrates on the action script and the protagonist's path. With this technique, actors must think and act as they would be the character.
The Brecht technique was developed by Bertolt Brecht, the father of the epic theatre. With this technique, actors focus on their gestures which are the representation of their emotions. This technique has various acting formats including stereotypes, the use of placards, ensemble and montage.
The Meisner technique was developed by Sanford Meisner and focus on the ‘self’. By using this technique, actors practice the exercise of repeating a sentence, alternating the tone of their voices.
The Chekhov technique was created by Michael Chekhov, a student of Stanislavsky. This technique concentrates on a psychophysical approach as actors exercise the emotional memory, as well as express their inner life with their body.
Finally, the practical aesthetics technique was generated by David Mamet who used to split the scene in a four-step analysis: the literal, the want, the essential action and the as if. The literal concentrates on the actions that happen in the present moment. The want focuses on what the characters want to do or say. The essential action concentrates on what the character precisely want. Finally, the as if relates to the essential action of the actor’s own life.
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